Speech Banana is a training application for people learning to hear with a cochlear implant or digital hearing aid. It is designed to build the skills needed for understanding everyday speech.
Learning to interpret speech provided by a cochlear implant or hearing aid for the first time is an extensive and ongoing process, often taking months to years for people with hearing loss to master complex tasks such as speech comprehension, and partly dependent on how often they can practice using their device. Auditory training (AT) programs, which allow the person with hearing loss to build up the individual listening skills needed to understand spoken communication, are critically beneficial to this learning process.
Despite the benefits of AT and the ongoing nature of auditory learning, people with hearing loss in many countries face considerable barriers to accessing regular sessions, including limited coverage by insurance and limited availability of clinical training programs. Computerized training applications thus offer a useful supplement to in-person training, filling in the gaps between less frequent trips to the clinic.
Many such applications are now available for children but only in recent years have a few emerged for adults. We now offer our own app, Speech Banana, in the hopes of providing a modular, functional and user-friendly at-home training tool for adults with CIs or HAs.
For an optimal listening experience, we recommend using headphones, direct audio input, or neckloop. Also, for a better interactive experience, a stylus pencil may be preferred.
Do not hurry through the lessons. Practice the first lesson and all succeeding lessons until you feel that you have done each one thoroughly. On the other hand, do not expect perfection.
It is not intended that you take all the material in these or other lessons at one listening. Break the lessons into three or four listening periods. Short, frequent periods are preferable to longer ones. Never allow yourself to become fatigued.Excerpt from Train Your Hearing (Whitehurst 1947)
There are 7 chapters in total, and 5-7 lessons in each chapter. Each lesson consists of 3-7 sets of words. After picking a lesson, click on each word to listen to its pronunciation, then navigate to another set of words in the lesson. You may customize your learning experience by changing the background noise level and choosing between male and female voices. After you have studied all sets of words in the lesson, navigate to the quiz which plays a randomized phrase/sentence and requires you to type it out. You can test yourself repeatedly with this quiz until you believe you have mastered the listening skills for the words in this lesson. Your performance in all quizzes are recorded and can be tracked in the Progress page.
Build your listening skills over 38 lessons, organized in 7 chapters.
Each lesson will present you with different sets of words or sentences containing contrasting sounds, priming you to pick up on their differences in real speech.
After each lesson, you'll test your skills by listening to real sentences containing the sounds you just learned and typing what you hear.
Look up your old scores and watch your skills grow.
Users may login with app credentials (initialized at registration), Google authorization API or for the Korean language version, Naver authorization API.
The lesson plan used in Speech Banana was originally developed by Whitehurst and Monsees, published in their 1952 book, Auditory Training for the Deaf with the foreword by Dr. Hardy. This was preceded by Train Your Hearing by Whitehurst in 1947, based on her work with soldiers during World War II. Our team chose this lesson plan because it is available online in the public domain via the Hathi Trust Digital Library. We have confirmed the plan's effectiveness with several audiologists and speech language specialists.
The lessons cover all basic phonemes and increase in difficulty as chapters progress from easier, lower frequency phonemes to harder, higher frequency ones. In this way, we cover the speech banana, the entire spectrum of sounds that we hear in most spoken communication.
The red text below is the present day modification of the first paragraph of the preface to Whitehurst's aptly titled 1947 book Train Your Hearing. The lined text emphasizes that "plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose."
The purpose of this
bookapp is to outlineprovide a method of self-training which, if followed, willmay help re-educate one's residualhearing with a cochlear implant or a new hearing aid. The authorapp does not consider self-training the most effective approach to the problem. In all rehabilitation work personal contacts between teachertherapist and pupilpatient are desirable. Such personal contacts, however, are not always possible; certainly not under existing conditions in the field of auditory training. The field is newhas been expanding rapidly in the past decade and yet at present the number of trained teacherstherapists is few. On the other hand, the hard of hearingpersons with hearing loss who could benefit from intensive training are legion. Individual homestudy with the app seems to be the onlya potentially viable solution for those who cannot work under a competent instructor.
To learn more about who Mary Whitehurst was, what she did to train young children and adults with hearing loss, and auditory function in young children with hearing loss retained in adulthood, please read "Perspectives on adult cochlear implant rehabilitation by a graduate of pediatric auditory rehabilitation" by Dr. Paul Hammerschlag and Dr. Jane Maddell (CICI Contact, 2000, Q1, 38-39).
Below are some examples from messages to the Speech Banana team or postings at the Cochlear Implant Experiences Facebook group (which has more than 30,000 members):
“It's awesome - easy to maneuver but challenging!”
“The voices don't seem as harsh.”
“Can hear sentences at level one!!! So excited! I got almost all correct!”
“I liked the nonsense sentences (in the Korean version) that I had to rely on my hearing to understand it without context.”
“An important part of my rehab in the first year after receiving my CI”
“I continue to use Speech Banana. I am going back thru all the modules using the speech in noise feature. I have recommended it to other cochlear implant recipients in my home town. I stream sound directly from Speech Banana into my implanted ear.”
“I had my father try the app with ear phones; it has a bit more sound. The second CI was inserted end of last month and being 87 makes the learning (with the CI) more difficult.”
“Good that there is an option for accessible auditory training.”
“Does anyone know of practice programs that have sentence quizzes other than Speech Banana? Anything that is not Apple/Mac oriented?”
“Interesting way of doing quiz activity with all the typing of the statement back”
“I like the word-by-word visual/auditory combination exercises”
“I really like their format but would like the option to do the same on something other than Apple products.”
"This is by far the best listening training app for adults I have found."
Speech Banana is a project originally developed in the summer of 2013 by three undergraduate students at Johns Hopkins University and advised by Dr. Ratnanather at the Center for Imaging Science and Institute for Computational Medicine in the Department of Biomedical Engineering. The team has since grown to include a few more members who are helping to expand the app to new platforms and languages and with the development of new features like more specific quiz feedback.
Please send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.